托福独立写作模板(6800字)

发表于:2016.9.6来自:www.ttfanwen.com字数:6800 手机看范文

写作

独立写作模板

一、 结构篇

1、开头

Sample one(适用于有一些背景or有一个中心词而且编得出来那个quotation的所有情况(二选一,agree or disagree,除了个别);

On contemporary society(一般的背景)/ With the advent of the technologically advanced society (the information explosive era(与科技有关的背景),XX(中心词) serves as a catalyst for our future success/ However, people (universities, government, citizen, society, government,) are/is invariably faced with such a question/ can’t help wondering:题目1.Confucian (Yu Qiuyu, Mark Twain, William Shakespeare), (one of) the greatest and most influential Chinese philosophers (scholars, educators, writers, thinkers, statesmen), has insightfully commented, “编____”I cling to an unshakeable belief that his comment gives the Among countless factors which contribute to my position are following conspicuous ones(最后一定排比结尾,且如果字数够了这一句就不要). 要做的:想一句简单的背景+编一句名言+改写两次题目

Sample two:(如果sample one的名言编不出来或者不适合编如leisure time,就用下面的)

On contemporary society(一般的背景)/ With the advent of the technologically advanced society (the information explosive era(与科技有关的背景))/ On account of …,XX(中心词) serves as a catalyst for 背景( 如so…that…/not only…but also). However,when it comes to the choice between AA and BB/When asked about whetherpeople get into a dilemma. According to my personality and experiences/As far as I am concerned/From my perspective, I cling to an unshakeable belief that以下最后决定怎样写:Among countless factors which contribute to my position are following conspicuous ones(最后一定排比结尾)/AA not only…but also(2)/There are various merits AA brings about, first of all, to…; secondly, to…;and lastly…(3).

要做的:想一句简单的背景+改写两次题目+总起(最后写)

2、分点一:分层论证

Basic to any understanding of the benefits we can get from

_______ is that__________/ First and foremost,

On one hand_________, On the other hand_________

Besides/ What’s more/ In addition.

这一段主要说理,在分论点里可以加一些小的例子细节,重点是要用一些精华句子!

3、分点二:举例论证

Further lending credence to my position is that____________ (简单阐述/例子字不够就多讲点废话)I can think of no better illustration than the example of(典型例子)/ A case in point is that(不是很典型)________,…..(例子见后面)

一句话总结例子:As a result,强调句/倒装句/表利弊的句型/反面论证如果没有会怎样

4、让步段:

Agree or disagree: Admittedly,_____,to some extent, may directly or indirectly ____ /has its undeniable detriments. For instance, _______ However, the valuable merits of_______ considerably overshadow the drawbacks/ on no account________./

二选一:Admittedly,BB also has certain merits which deserve some words here. For example, ____(字数不够就多讲点) However,Compared with AA, (which 可以总结所有优点或针对BB的一方面, )it pales.

5、结尾段:

Therefore, due to the above mentioned reasons, which sometimes correlate with each other to form an organic whole and thus become more persuasive than any single one of them(字不够了用), I reinforce my stand point that Only via(by/through /with/when/after) ___can we__________; only via(by/through /with/when/after) ___can we________;

and only via(by/through /with/when/after)___can we_______

Or It is A that...;it is A that...;and it is A that...(不好写或显得累赘就不要了)

二、 语言篇

1、 基本句型

? 因果

On account of/owing to/due to+ N

For the reason that/as/since+句子

It is due to____that

eg:It is due to his persistence and perseverance that he eventually reached his acme.(强调句)

derive/arise/stem from来源于

eg:His success derives from his persistence and perseverance. ascribe A to B 归结于

eg: His success can be ascribed/attributed to his persistence and perseverance

? 条件

A serves as a catalyst for B(our further success)

If/on condition that/provided that/as long as________

? 让步

Despite the fact that/regardless of

2、 经典句型

? 倒装

1) Only via(by/through /with/when/after) __do/did/can we__ ef: Only after going to the beach of Hawaii will I know

about American typical type of spending leisure time.

2) Hardly/Seldom/Scarcely can__ of

3) So +adj+主谓倒装+that__

4) Not only 主谓倒装 but also...

eg: Not only should education prepare children to compete

Not only do people care their economic needs,they but also want to meet their spiritual needs.

5) On no account 主谓倒装(决不....)

? 强调

It is/was....that/who(m)....

? 插入语

1) 限定性副词 probably/directly or indirectly/to some(a large) extent

2) N+,ving,+v

3) 同位语

3、经典中的经典

? 排比

1) It is tourism that gives me the opportunity to know the culture of this dynamic, robust and alive country.

2) It is computers that make our life diverse,convenient,dynamic/ vibrant, without which our life would probably pale.

3) A/which needs to be/In this way, A can be readily accepted, respected,appreciated and advocated.

4) Only via university education can we have systematic knowledge concerning arts and science.Only via university education can we know the essence of symbiosis and collaboration. And Only via university education can we meet the demands of society and make our future success inevitable.

? 十大副词

1) Considerably

2) Invariably

3) Undoubtedly/indisputably/incontrovertibly

4) Increasingly

5) Most/exceedingly/exceptionally 格外地

6) Insightfully 富有见底地

7) Regrettably

8) Effectively and efficiently

9) Gradually and eventually

10) Readily

? 其他

1) It is not difficult for us to imagine that 不难想象

2) B makes it possible for us to have an universal access to A/A is readily available. A容易得到

3) In order to survive and thrive in this fiercely competitive society, people have no choice but to work and study hard. 4) Ruthless and relentless无形/fierce and intense competition

The ruthless and relentless competition imposes an unprecedented pressure on each and every individual, and therefore, there is no exaggeration to say that our innovative

and inventive ability can lay a solid foundation for our future, enabling us to survive and thrive in the modern world.

5) Inspiration, aspiration and perspiration

6) Vision,passion and mission

7) 其他词语见最后清单p120

三、论证篇(详见讲义)

1、模糊论证

Range from...(其他见讲义)

2、举例论证

? 自己的例子

I can think of no better illustration than the example of my own visit to Singapore. Only after going shopping on Orchard road, the main shopping district in Singapore,did I realize what "a paradise for shopping"really was. Only after roaming in the City Hall,the financial center of Singapore, did I experience the quick pace of modern life. Only after lying on the beach of Sentosa did I know about the Singaporean typical way of spending leisure time.

? 名人的例子(Yu Minghong,。。。)

? 社会的例子

For example, on account of the advent of the technologically advanced society, employers tend to hire people equipped with a

wide range of knowledge rather than the ones with limited knowledge.

? 瞎编的例子

3、数据论证

I can think of no better illustration than the statistic. Experts from the Department of Sociology in Peking University pointed out that the average sleeping time an adult has everyday, compared with 8 hours in the 1970s, has decreased to 6.8 hours due to the busy work and study.

4、引用论证(开头)

5、假想论证

Imagine/visualize/picture/suppose ....




第二篇:无老师版 托福 奥巴马独立写作模板 12000字

Obama模板

If there is anyone out there who still doubts that America is a place where all things are possible, who still wonders if the dream of our Founders is alive in our time, who still questions the power of our democracy, tonight is your answer.

If there is anyone out there who still doubts that XXXXX(论点一) is a XXXXX where all things are possible, who still wonders if the dream of our XXXXX(论点二) is XXXXX in our time, who still questions the power of our XXXXX(论点三), this essay is my answer. 用于最后一段结尾,进行总结

It’s the answer spoken by young and old, rich and poor, Democrat and Republican, black, white, Hispanic, Asian, Native American, gay, straight, disabled and not disabled — (cheers) — Americans who sent a message to the world that we have never been just a collection of individuals or a collection of red states and blue states; we are and always will be the United States of America. (Cheers, applause.)

It’s the answer spoken by young and old, rich and poor, Democrat and Republican, black, white, Hispanic, Asian, Native American, gay, straight, disabled and not disabled, the people who sent a message to the questionnaire conducted by the XXXXX team of Stanford university; all of these concluded the same result that XXXXX(观点). 用于举例

It’s the answer that — that led those who’ve been told for so long by so many to be cynical and fearful and doubtful about what we can achieve to put their hands on the arc of history and bend it once more toward the hope of a better day. It’s been a long time

coming, but tonight, because of what we did on this day, in this election, at this defining moment, change has come to America. (Cheers, applause.)

It’s the answer that — that led those who’ve been told for so long by so many to be cynical and fearful and doubtful about XXXXX(正面观点) to put their hands on the arc of history and bend it once more toward the hope of a better day. It’s been a long time coming, at this defining moment, change has come to our cultural.

最后一段,正面观点(段落开始结尾均可)

I want to thank my partner in this journey, a man who campaigned from his heart and spoke for the men and women he grew up with on the streets of Scranton, and rode with on the train home to Delaware, the vice president-elect of the United States, Joe Biden. (Cheers, applause.)

People want to thank XXXXX(某人) in their XXXXX(做了什么), a man/woman who campaigned from his heart and spoke for the men and women he grew up with on the streets, and rode with on the train home to tiny village to XXXXX(做了什么辛苦工作). 具体例子

And to my campaign manager, David Plouffe — (cheers, applause) — the unsung hero of this campaign who built the best — (cheers) — the best political campaign I think in the history of the United States of America — (cheers, applause) — to my chief strategist, David Axelrod — (cheers, applause) — who has been a partner with me every step of the way, to the best campaign team ever assembled in the history of politics — (cheers) — you made this happen, and I am forever grateful for what you’ve sacrificed to get it done. (Cheers, applause.)

And to my XXXXX, XXXXX(某人) who has been a partner with me every step of

XXXXX某个过程, to the best XXXXX(职位,比如说领队啊) ever assembled in the history of XXXXX(某事) who made this happen, and XXXXX(某人)will be forever grateful for what XXXXX have sacrificed to get it done.

描述某特定人或者人群的具体例子

I was never the likeliest candidate for this office. We didn’t start with much money or many endorsements. Our campaign was not hatched in the halls of Washington; it began in the backyards of Des Moines and the living rooms of Concord and the front porches of Charleston. It was built by working men and women who dug into what little savings they had to give $5 and $10 and $20 to the cause. (Cheers, applause.) It grew strength from the young people who rejected the myth of their generation’s apathy — (cheers) — who left their homes and their families for jobs that offered little pay and less sleep. It drew strength from the not-so-young people who braved the bitter cold and scorching heat to knock on the doors of perfect strangers, and from the millions of Americans who

volunteered and organized, and proved that more than two centuries later a government of the people, by the people and for the people has not perished from the Earth. This is your victory. (Cheers, applause.)

XXXXX(某事) was built by working men and women who dug into what little savings they had to give $5 and $10 and $20 to the cause.

具体例子

XXXXX(某事) grew strength from the young people who rejected the myth of their generation’s apathy who left their homes and their families for jobs that offered little pay and less sleep.

具体例子

XXXXX(某事) drew strength from the not-so-young people who braved the bitter cold and scorching heat to knock on the doors of perfect strangers, and from the millions of XXXXX(某人) who volunteered and organized, and proved that more than two centuries later a government of the people, by the people and for the people has not perished from the Earth.

具体例子

以上的三个例子,一定要单独使用,千万不要放在一段之内使用。

Now, I know you didn’t do this just to win an election, and I know you didn’t do it for me. You did it because you understand the enormity of the task that lies ahead. For even as we celebrate tonight, we know the challenges that tomorrow will bring are the greatest of our lifetime: two wars, a planet in peril, the worst financial crisis in a century. Even as we stand here tonight, we know there are brave Americans waking up in the deserts of Iraq and the mountains of Afghanistan to risk their lives for us. There are mothers and fathers who will lie awake after their children fall asleep and wonder how they’ll make the mortgage or pay their doctors’ bills or save enough for their child’s college education. For even as all reasons listed, we know the challenges that opponents will bring are the greatest of our front.

最后一段开头

There’s new energy to harness, new jobs to be created, new schools to build, and threats to meet, alliances to repair.

If XXXXX, there’s new energy to harness, new jobs to be created, new schools to build, and threats to meet, alliances to repair.

用于新建XXXXX将为我们带来的好处。

MR. OBAMA: There will be setbacks and false starts. There are many who won’t agree with every decision or policy I make as president, and we know the government can’t solve every problem. But I will always be honest with you about the challenges we face. I will listen to you, especially when we disagree. And above all, I will ask you to join in the work of remaking this nation the only way it’s been done in America for 221 years — block by block, brick by brick, calloused hand by calloused hand.

There will be setbacks and defect. There are many who won’t agree with every decision in this essay, and, of course, the XXXXX(某人) can’t solve every problem. But XXXXX(某人) will always be honest with you about the challenges you face.

结尾段的开头

原文:What we’ve been debating here in Washington over the last few weeks will affect the lives of the students here and families all across America in potentially profound ways. This debate over budgets and deficits is about more than just numbers on a page; it’s about more than just cutting and spending. It’s about the kind of future that we want. It’s about the kind of country that we believe in. And that’s what I want to spend some time talking about today.

模板:What we’ve been debating here in XXXXX over the last XXXXXXXXX will affect the XXXXXXXXX here and XXXXXXXXX all across XXXXXXXX in XXXXXXXXXXX. This debate over XXXXXXXXXX is about more than just numbers on a page; it’s about more than just XXXXXXXXXXXXXX. It’s about the kind of future that we want. It’s about the kind of country that we believe in. And that’s what I want to spend some time talking about today. 超棒的起始段,几乎就是为托福作文准备的。

原文:But there’s always been another thread running through our history -– a belief that we’re all connected, and that there are some things we can only do together, as a nation. We believe, in the words of our first Republican President, Abraham Lincoln, that through government, we should do together what we cannot do as well for ourselves.

模板:But there’s always been another thread running through our history -– a belief that XXXXXXXXXXX正面观点, and that there are some things we can only do together, as XXXXXXXX. We believe, in the words of XXXXXXXXXX, (that through XXXXXXXXX词句可以忽略不用), we should do together what we cannot do as well for ourselves. 用于论证段

原文:Now, for much of the last century, our nation found a way to afford these investments and priorities with the taxes paid by its citizens.

模板:Now, for much of the XXXXXXXX一段具体时间, XXXXXXX found a way to afford these investments and priorities with the XXXXXXXXX paid by XXXXXXXXX. 用于论证或者举例。

原文:But as far back as the 1980s, America started amassing debt at more alarming levels, and our leaders began to realize that a larger challenge was on the horizon.

模板:But as far back as the XXXXXX, XXXXXXXXXXXX started XXXXXXXX at more alarming levels(此处写得妙), and XXXXXXXX began to realize that a larger challenge was on the horizon.(写得好有画面感啊)

用于论证或者举例。

原文:To meet this challenge, our leaders came together three times during the 1990s to reduce our nation’s deficit — three times.

模板:To meet this XXXXXXX, somebody do something three times during the XXXXXXX to do something — three times.

用于论证或者举例。

原文:But we have to do it without putting at risk current retirees, or the most vulnerable, or people with disabilities; without slashing benefits for future generations; and without subjecting Americans’ guaranteed retirement income to the whims of the stock market.

模板:But we have to do it without putting at risk current XXXXXX, or the most

vulnerable, or people with disabilities; without slashing benefits for future generations; and without subjecting XXXXXXXX(某国家) guaranteed retirement income to the whims of the stock market.

O(∩_∩)O哈哈~,又见奥巴马并列金句!而且模板度超高!

原文:To give you an idea of how much damage this caused to our nation’s checkbook, consider this: In the last decade, if we had simply found a way to pay for the tax cuts and the prescription drug benefit, our deficit would currently be at low historical levels in the coming years.

模板:To give you an idea of how much XXXXXXXX this caused to XXXXXXXXX, consider this: In the last decade, if we had simply found a way to XXXXXXXXXX, our XXXXXXXXXX would currently be at XXXXXXXXXXXX historical levels in the coming years.

绝棒的举例句!

原文:Finally, there are those who believe we shouldn’t make any reforms to Medicare, Medicaid, or Social Security, out of fear that any talk of change to these programs will immediately usher in the sort of steps that the House Republicans have proposed.

模板:Finally, there are those who believe we should XXXXXXXXX, out of fear that any talk of change to XXXXXXXX(接名词结构)will immediately usher in the sort of steps that the XXXXXXXXX(某人或者某群体) have proposed.

HOHOHO观点句的绝品!

原文:Even after our economy recovers, our government will still be on track to spend more money than it takes in throughout this decade and beyond.

模板:Even after our XXXXXXXX, XXXXXXXXX will still be on track to spend more money than it takes in throughout this decade and beyond.

用于讨论XXXXXXXX的恢复

原文:A serious plan doesn’t require us to balance our budget overnight –- in fact,

economists think that with the economy just starting to grow again, we need a phased-in approach –- but it does require tough decisions and support from our leaders in both parties now.

模板:A serious plan doesn’t require us to balance our budget overnight –- in fact,

economists think that with the economy doing something, we need a phased-in approach –- but it does require tough decisions and support from XXXXXXXXXX(somebody) now.

超好的关于经济的论证句!

原文:Above all, it will require us to choose a vision of the America we want to see five years, 10 years, 20 years down the road.

模板:Above all, XXXXXXXXXXXXXX will require us to choose a vision of the XXXXXXXX we want to see five years, 10 years, 20 years down the road. 超好的托福作文最后一段的总结句。

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