大学英语四六级作文总结(20000字)

发表于:2018.4.5来自:www.ttfanwen.com字数:20000 手机看范文

大学英语四、六级作文

一.四、六级作文试题分类

四、六级作文从试题角度可以分为现象解释型、对比选择型、问题解决型、观点论证型与应用文五种类型。

(一) 现象解释型

此类作文在四、六级考试作文中最为常见。命题主要要求考生对某一社会现象进行解释并加以评论,其基本结构是:首先说明现状;其次阐述这种现状产生或存在的原因;最后做出分析,提出建议或总结观点。例如:1.六级真题(20xx年6月) 2.

(二) 对比选择型

此类作文同样是四、六级考试中常见的类型,它的标志十分明显。作文题目要求较明确,富有针对性,即直接要求考试比较两种观点或做法,进而表明自己对问题或事务的态度或观点,也就是做出选择。例如:六级:2007.6 四级:

(三) 问题解决型

此类作文要求考生从提示性文字或图表、图画入手,解释提示性文字、图表、图画反映出的问题,提出问题的危害性或解决这一问题的紧迫性;然后对问题展开分析,提出解决问题的方案或应对措施;最后一段要求考生表明自己的态度、做法等。如20xx年1月真题。

(四) 观点论证型

此类作文往往要求考生根据题目给出论点,按照提纲的结构要求对其下论证,然后表明自己的立场和看法。通过摆事实、讲道理的方式剖析事物,论述事理,发表意见,确立或否认某一主张。如:19xx年1月六级真题。

(五) 应用文

应用文中的信函,也是四、六级作文设计的试题之一。在这类题型中,考生会读到一个特定的场景,试题要求考生按照这个场景给相关人士写一封短信,并在信中明确表达自己写信的原因、动机、目的和愿望等。文章所设及的内容多种多样,但大部分都与日常生活比较贴近。书信的类型可能变化万千,如邀请信、申请信、感谢信、道歉信等,但是万变不离其宗,只要掌握了英语书信的格式,并应用恰当的句式和语句,就一定能够写出好的文章来。

大学英语四六级作文总结

(一) 现象解释型:

写作方法:(1).阐述现象 (2).分析原因 (3).解决办法或指出存在的问题

模版: A. Nowadays ____ is a common phenomenon in society. For example, ____ do more (good) than (harm) to us.

There are many reasons for this case. For one thing, _____ . For another, _____ .

In summary, / In a word, it is more valuable _______ .

B: Recently _____ has aroused public concern. It has both _____and ____._______ do more (good) than (harm) to us.

Here are two reason for the phenomenon. On the one hand, _______ . On the other hand, _______ .

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that _____ 20xx年6月18日英语六级作文及范文

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay entitled “On Piracy” of no less than 150 words. You may base your writing on the following outline:

1.目前盗版的现象比较严重。

2.造成这种现象的原因及危害

3.我们应该怎么做

Useful words and expressions

盗版piracy (n)

盗版产品pirated products

知识产权intellectual products

侵犯版权infringe sb’s copyright, copyright infringement

At present, piracy is becoming unprecedentedly visible in China, Any product, like tape, CD and hi-tech device can be copied, not to mention book. Shortly after a newly-published book hits the shelves, people will unsurprisingly find its pirated counterparts in the stores. It has been widely believed that piracy has caused a great loss to legitimate producers, inventors and authors in many ways. To start with,pirated products often cost much less than the original ones, so they enjoy unbeatable advantage in price in spite of their relatively poor quality.

The original ones, on the contrary, sell poorly.As far as pirated books are concerned, they do great harm to the authors/ reputation due to their misprints. In the long run, pirated products may also have negative impacts on customers since those legitimate producers’ enthuslasm may be greatly hurt by the fact that some customers are more indined to purchase pirated products. In my opinion, it’s high time that the govement called on everyone to start the battle against piracy. Besides, as customers, we should develop our consciousness to resist pirated products. And law should be strictly carried out to ban piracy from spreading any further.

Only in this way can we put an end to piracy and create a healthy environment for both customers and producers.

20xx年6月六级作文

Due Attention Should Be Given to Spelling

1. 如今很多学生不重视中文学习

2. 出现这种现象的原因和后果

3. 我认为

20xx年6月英语四级考试真题

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Due Attention Should Be Given To Spelling. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:

1. 如今不少学生在英语学习中不重视拼写

2. 出现这种情况的原因

3. 为了改变这种状况,我认为…

Due Attention Should Be Given To Spelling Recently it often hits headlines of newspapers that some prestigious universities like Tongji exclude Chinese from the subjects to be tested in their practice of independent admission. This has aroused heated discussion among the public -- Is Chinese not so important as English? What if we neglect the study of our mother tongue?

First of all, globalization counts much for this phenomenon. In modern society, information in most media, be it the Internet or newspaper, is conveyed in English. As a saying goes, one can go to every corner of the world without any difficulty in communicating with local people. Unfortunately, while we emphasize the importance of English, we underrate the value of Chinese though China has been developing at an

amazing speed. But neglecting the study of Chinese is extremely harmful if the situation is left unfettered. The major harm is that China’s traditional value is likely to get lost because language and ideas are interlocked in most cases. For example, when interviewed, most youngsters show that they are quite unfamiliar with some famous figures and their sayings.

To sum up, many reasons are responsible for the phenomenon and it will do us harm if we leave the situation as it is. Faced with the problem, we are expected to take effective measures. For one thing, the government should work out rules to ensure the time for the study of Chinese in school. Only in this way, can we find a cure for the problem.

(二) 对比选择型:

写作方法: (1). 一些人对待某一事物的观点是……(2). 另外一些人对待该事物的态度是……(3). 我的看法…

写作模版:A. People's opinions about ________ vary from person to person. Some people are inclined to ______ for the following reasons. Firstly, ______ . Secondly, _______.

Other people, however, take a different attitude that _______. On the one hand,______ _ . On the other hand, _________.

My own point of view is that _______ , because _______.Also, _________. So __________.

B. _______ has become a hot topic among people, and heated debates are right on their way. Quite a few people think _____ . It sounds good because ________ .

On the contrary, there is a universally acknowledged saying that _______. To them, __________ .

In my opinion, __________. For one thing, ______.For another, _______ . Hence, _______.

大学英语四六级作文总结

foremost, there is a natural tendency to equate doing good deeds with a certain amount of reward, and reward with a certain amount of money. What is more, they maintain that since the basis of contemporary society is money, one of the major means of earning money is getting reward by doing good deeds.

On the contrary, the vast majority of people assume that doing a good deed should be based on people’s personal interests. Hence, doing a good deed is fulfilling itself and reward is of minimal significance. Numerous examples can be given, but this will suffice. Mr. Leifeng lived a simple life dedicated to doing good deeds without expecting any reward and helping people from all walks of life, yet he was remembered as one of the most successful hero of our time.

Generally speaking, it is my view that we should not expect a reward when doing a good

deed. We do this for enjoyment, fulfillment and other spiritual enhancement, not for the purpose of reward.

(三)问题解决型:

写作方法 (1). 阐述问题/提出问题(2). 问题形成的原因/解决问题的办法(3). 我的看法

模版A. Sometimes we find there are really many problems / difficulties in ________.

Then how can we manage to overcome all these? Step by step, first, ______. Secondly, _____. Thirdly, ____ . Last, ________.

After a period of painstaking efforts, I feel that _____ .

B. These days we often hear that _________ .

There are some possible reasons for that. In the first place, ____. In the second place, _____. To solve the problem is not easy at all, but is worth trying. We should do something such as ____ to improve he present situation, and I do believe everything will be better in the future. 20xx年12月四级作文

Limiting the Use of Disposable Plastic Bags

1、 一次性塑料袋的使用。2、一次性塑料袋带来的问题。3、限制一次性塑料袋的意义。

In our daily life, most people use disposable plastic bags for shopping and other purposes. However, the excessive use of disposable plastic bags has resulted in a great damage to our environment.

The problems brought by disposable plastic bags are various, ranging from environment to people's health. In the first place, it takes years for the plastic products to decompose and be absorbed by the soil. Secondly, the use of disposable plastic bags will indirectly do harm to people's health. Sometimes people buy hot food packed into disposable plastic bags for saving time to wash their dining utensils. Yet they are not informed of the chemical material the bags release in high temperature. Therefore, they are also eating the poisonous stuff while enjoying the tasty food.

It's enlightening and significant that our government has banned the use of disposable plastic bags officially, and people will be charged for the use of such bags. This action is reducing the consumption of bags to a great extent. It is a great measure for the sustainable development of our earth.

大学英语四六级作文总结

(四)观点论证题型

写作方法:(1). 阐述观点(2). 举例证明(3). 重述主题

模版: A famous old saying goes that ________. It means that _______ .

I have had such experiences for many times. ______ is a good example. _______. Another case in point is ____________.

Whatever you do, please remember ______ . If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you’ll necessarily benefit a lot from it.

20xx年12月英语四级作文题目

Directions: You're allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will by commenting on the humorous saying, "Quitting smoking is the easiest thing in the world. I've done it hundreds of time."You'd write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

Nothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will

It is universally acknowledged that people cannot succeed or achieve their targets without a strong will and persistence. One of the most typical examples is that in present-day society, a growing number of people give up or fail to quit smoking just because of their poor willpower during the process. A variety of factors may account for this phenomenon as follows.

For one thing, no one can deny the fact that persistence is the key point in accomplishing one’s task. It is of importance for people to stick to their original aim. A great number of dragsters would stop smoking a couple of days after they have made their determination, but only a few of them may succeed in the end. For another, the people who cannot quit smoking may easily be affected by his circumstance and surroundings. In that case, people tend to fail to resist various temptations around them.

From what has been discussed above, we may safely come to the conclusion that only by concentrating on the object and strong self-discipline can we obtain our goals successfully in the future.

20xx年1月大学英语六级作文题目及范文

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic It Pays to Be Honest. You should write at least 100 words according to the outline given

below in Chinese.

1. 当前社会上存在许多不诚实的现象

2. 诚实利人利已,做人应该诚实

[范文]It Pays to Be Honest

Although honesty is believed to be a virtue, there are still dishonest people in our society. For example, some businessmen sell fake product to their consumers; some students cheat in the exams.

Dishonest people are short-sighted. Those who sell fake products may make money at first, but consumers won’t buy their products any more. As a result, they will lose their fortune or even be sent to prison. By contrast, honest people gain a lot.

Those who always tell truth or keep to their promise not only let others trust them but gain respect from other people as well. Such persons are sure to have a lot of good friends.

Because they are trustable and respectable, everyone is eager to make friends with them, Besides, it is easier for a person with a good record to get a good job. Generally speaking, every employer wants his employees to be honest. So we can say that anyone who is honest will be paid back later. In a word, honesty wins trust, respect and honor. So it is important that we should behonest.

附:四六级作文书信类

书信是一种应用非常广泛的应用文形式之一.英文书信的种类很多.按照文体来分,可分为两大类,一类是私人书信(personal letters),另一类是事务书信(business letters).根据用途来分,常见的书信有申请信、投诉信、道歉信、咨询信、建议信和说明信等等.

书信格式

?

? 一封完整的书信应包括寄信人的地址和日期;收信人的姓名和地址;称呼;正文;结尾和签名. 1、信头(Heading)

指发信人的姓名(单位名称)、地址和日期,一般写在信纸的右上角。一般公函或商业信函的信纸上都印有单位或公司的名称、地址、电话号码等,因此就只需在信头下面的右边写上写信日期就可以了。

?

? 日期的写法,如19xx年7月30日,英文为:July 30,1997(最为普遍); July 30th,1997;30th July,1997; 30 July, 1997等。1997不可写成97。 2、信内地址(Inside Address)

在一般的社交信中,信内收信人的地址通常省略,但是在公务信函中不能。将收信人的姓名、

地址等写在信头日期下方的左角上,要求与对信头的要求一样,不必再写日期。

1. 称呼(Salutation)

是写信人对收信人的称呼用语。位置在信内地址下方一、二行的地方,从该行的顶格写起,在称呼后面一般用逗号(英国式),也可以用冒号(美国式)。

(1)写给亲人、亲戚和关系密切的朋友时,用Dear或My dear再加上表示亲属关系的称呼或直称其名(这里指名字,不是姓氏)。例如:My dear father,Dear Tom等。

(2)写给公务上的信函用Dear Madam,Dear Sir或Gentleman(Gentlemen)。注意:Dear纯属公务上往来的客气形式。Gentlemen总是以复数形式出现,前不加Dear,是Dear Sir的复数形式。

(3)写给收信人的信,也可用头衔、职位、职称、学位等再加姓氏或姓氏和名字。例如:Dear Prof. Tim Scales, Dear Dr. John Smith。

2. 正文(Body of the Letter)

位置在下面称呼语隔一行,是信的核心部分。因此要求正文层次分明、简单易懂。

3. 结束语(Complimentary Close)

在正文下面的一、二行处,从信纸的中间偏右处开始,第一个词开头要大写,句末用逗号。不同的对象,结束语的写法也不同。

(1)写给家人、亲戚,用Your loving grandfather,Yours lovingly (Lovingly yours)等;

(2)写给熟人、朋友,用Yours, Yours ever, Yours cordially (Cordially yours),Yours affectionately (Affectionately yours)等;

(3)写业务信函用Yours truly (Truly yours), Yours faithfully (Faithfully yours), Yours sincerely (Sincerely yours)等;

(4)对上级、长辈用Yours obediently(Obediently yours),Yours respectfully(Respectfully yours)等。 4签名(Signature)

低于结束语一至二行,从信纸中间偏右的地方开始,在结束语的正下方,在签完名字的下面还要有用打字机打出的名字,以便识别。职务、职称可打在名字的下面。

5、附言(Postscript)

一封信写完了,突然又想起遗漏的事情,这时用P.S.表示,再写上遗漏的话即可,要长话短说。通常在信末签名下面几行的左方,应于正文齐头。

注意:在正式的信函中,应避免使用附言。

6、附件(Enclosure)

信件如果有附件,可在信纸的左下角,注上Encl:或Enc:,例如:Encl:2 photos(内附两张照片)。如果附件不止一项,应写成Encl:或Encs。

(一)申请信

? 写作要领:

? 常见的申请信有求职信和求学信,即就某一个职位或入学目标向收信人提出申请.写

此类书信时应特别注意详细表述自己具体的经历和资历,使书信更具说服力,从而更容易达到交际的目的.

? 中文模块:

? 第一部分:表明写作意图,如有必要,可介绍职位或入学信息的来源;

? 第二步分:介绍相关的资历和经历,表明写信人对获得这个职位或入学资格的自信和

期待;

? 第三部分:对收信人的考虑表示谢意,并期待回复

? May. 15, 2006

? Dear Ms. Harrison,

? I am writing in reply to your advertisement in The 21st Century for someone to proofread

translations from English to Japanese.(写作意图及信息来源)

? At present, I am a senior in the Department of Japanese Language at Beijing Foreign

Studies University.(目前身份)Since last year, I have been working part-time for

Mitsubishi, which involves me in daily use of Japanese and in translation from Japanese

to Chinese and vice versa.(工作经历) In addition, I have never given up learning English

as my second foreign language. I took the TOEFL last

? August with the result of 660.(语言能力) I believe my qualifications and work

experience make me a perfect candidate for the job.(胜任职位的信心)

? I would be able to take a part-time work for between 9 and 12 hours per week. (可能的工

作方式) If you would like to meet me, I can be reached at 13967584938.(联系方式) I

look forward to meeting you soon.(期盼回复).

? Yours faithfully,

? XXX

? May. 15, 2006

? Dear Sir/Madam,

? I am writing to apply for admission to your program for postgraduate studies.(写作意

图)Enclosed with this letter are my academic record, proof of my language ability and my

resume, which further detail my qualifications.(提供详细个人资料)

? Currently, I am a senior in the Department of Economics at Nanjing University.(目前身

份)For the past three years, my GPA (grade point average) has ranked top three in my

college.(资历一) Last year, my paper was admitted by one of the best journals in the field

of Economics and will be published next ? Month.(资历二)My diligence and love for challenges have earned me several awards for

excellent students in our university. (资历三) In addition, I have taken the TOEFL test

and obtained a satisfactory grade.(资历四)Therefore, I believe I will not have difficulty in

either academic studies or communication in your country.(总结)

? I would appreciate it if you could take my application into serious consideration.(对收信

人的考虑表示感谢) Please contact me at your earliest convenience. (期待答复)

? Yours

faithfully,

? XXX

(二)建议信

? 写作要领:

? 写此类书信是要应收信人的要求针对某一问题提出建议和忠告.虽然写信人与收信

人之间极有可能是熟人,甚至是比较好的朋友,但礼貌原则仍然不可忽视.写信人是在

提建议,而不是发号施令,所以仍须注意语气的诚恳和委婉.

? 中文模块一:

? 第一部分:表明写作意图;

? 第二部分:就问题提出具体的建议;

? 第三部分:总结建议,还可表示愿意继续为对方提供帮助.

? 20xx年1月(CET4)

? Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the

topic: A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus You

should write at least 100 words, and base your composition on the outline given in

Chinese below:

? 假设你是李明,请你就本校食堂的状况给校长写一封信,内容应涉及食堂的饭菜质

量、价格、环境、服务等,可以是表扬,可以是批评建议,也可以兼而有之。

A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus

January 12th, 2002

Dear Mr. President,

?

Li Ming

? Jan. 12th, 2002

? Dear Mr. President,

? I am a student of computer science in our university. I am writing this letter to you to

show about the canteen service on campus on behalf of some students of our department.

? Firstly, we feel we need more varieties of foods served to the students, which means every

student can get the food that he thinks suitable for his pocket-money allowance. Secondly,

we find it essential to elongate the opening hours of

? the canteen. A student from a class that ends at 12:00 noon may reach the canteen no

sooner than 12:30.However, the fact is that the canteen is closed when he gets there.

Thirdly, we are greatly concerned with the dining environment. We feel that student

diners are entitled to a better dining environment than what they are having now.

? We do hope that the university authority will look into the problems and solve them.

? Best regards,

? Yours sincerely

? Li Ming

(三) 推荐信

推荐信是一个人为推荐另一个人去接受某个职位或参与某项工作而写的信件,是一

种应用写作文体。

? 一般包括以下三个内容:

? 1.指出被推荐的人及推荐的原因;

? 2.介绍被推荐人的情况;

? 3.总结说明被推荐人值得被推荐(例如能胜任工作)。

Dec. 28, 2006

Dear Mr. Yu Ming,

It gives me great pleasure to recommend Lin Yi, my former student, for graduate

study in the field of applied linguistics at your university.

I have known Miss Lin for four years. She has proved to be a diligent student and

has passed all her courses with either excellent or good marks. Her ability in English both written

and spoken is well above average. In her social/personal relationships, Miss Lin has always shown

willingness to help others and is well respected in return. ?

I believe that, Miss Lin, with her academic background, is qualified for graduate study, and I would expect her to make a sound contribution to her field. I sincerely hope her application will be considered.

Yours sincerely,

Li Gang

Professor

English Department

ABC University

(四)抱怨信

写抱怨信要首先要注意信的格式和结构,一般是提出问题→说明问题→提出解决问题的建议

和想法。考生在写作过程中要根据题目的要求提供足够的信息,要注意时态准确,句型多样

化,避免用词重复,要展示出写复杂句子的能力, 还要注意礼貌,这是取得6分或以上的关

键。下面请看一封抱怨信的例文:

题目: The government will build a new airport near where you live. Write a letter to the newspaper explaining where you live and why you do not want this development.

Dear Editor,

I am writing to complain about the construction of an airport in the vicinity of my home, which is going to commence in a few months.

I live in the western suburb of a city called West Haven. This area is the most suitable living area because most local industries are located on the other side of the city. However, to my surprise, the government had decided to build an airport here.

I would strongly protest this inconsiderate action of the local government. For one thing, the noise of aircraft would inevitably break the tranquility of this area and peaceful lifestyle of the people around here. For another, because there are often lots of birds flying about in the sky, this may cause aviation safety problems. Obviously, it would be a foolish and even dangerous decision to build an airport here.

Therefore, for the sake of our lovely city, I hope the press can do something to help to avoid the short-sighted development of the airport. It would be highly appreciated if you could forward this message to the authorities concerned.

Yours faithfully

Adam Li



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